The polygraph (lie detector) testing, inspection and forensic examination in Kiev and Ukraine. In Ukraine, at this stage of development, research on the polygraph is not expressly prohibited by applicable law and can be used as a technical means. But it’s usage is also not clearly regulated by law.
The polygraph (lie detector) testing, inspection and forensic examination in Kiev and Ukraine, the topic is quite relevant today, because trends in the development of crime grow more and more crimes become organized and latent in nature, and the Draft Law “On amendment of the Criminal procedural code of Ukraine with provisions concerning use of the polygraph”, which was considered less than 2 years ago was never put into effect.
The use of the polygraph in forensic science leads to a lot of discussions. Proponents of this device justify their positive vision of the fact that Ukraine integrates into the European Union and we need to learn from the experience of countries which have long and successfull history of the polygraph usage, which has uncovered a large number of crimes. But an acute problem raises the question about the prospects of its use because there is no legal requirement.
In spite of this, in the legal literature can be also found negative statements concerning the polygraph as opponents defend their point of view stating that the use of the so-called “lie detector” is not a reasonable from humanitarian angle and in relation to persons who pass the test, contrary to the morals of society, humiliating the human honor and dignity. But nobody stated what moral norms are being contradicted.
Opponents do not believe in the efficacy of its use in criminal investigations and also the reliability of the results.This is because the polygraph explores specific physiological reactions of a particular person and critics believe that the person can deceive this device, if one can control emotions and psychological state. And in some scientific papers the use of the polygraph characterized as “unscientific and morally unacceptable method”.
Practice shows that countries in which a positive attitude to the use of the polygraph (a notable example is the United States of America), the efficiency of this device is 92%.
The use of the polygraph in the investigation and disclosure of crimes, only if the legislator will analyse the legislative framework of foreign countries, accepts all contradictions, and qualitatively analyze all aspects which relate to this method, and highlight all the positive thing you can take from practice and theory and at the national level would reinforce the position about the polygraph in the legal framework of the state.
Based on the above conditions, you need to clearly identify the persons subject to polygraph test, to establish such requirements for polygraph examiners to they could be really competent in this field, so no one questioned their findings, but also need to improve the instruments themselves, so they cannot be fooled.
If these recommendations are to result in action, it would have contributed to the investigation of crime and the effectiveness of disclosure of crime has an impact not only in criminology, but in the criminal process and criminal law in General.